Download e-book for iPad: A Clash of Cultures: Civil-Military Relations during the by Orrin Schwab

By Orrin Schwab

ISBN-10: 0275984710

ISBN-13: 9780275984717

ISBN-10: 0313038252

ISBN-13: 9780313038259

The Vietnam conflict used to be in lots of methods outlined by means of a civil-military divide, an underlying conflict among army and civilian management over the conflict's nature, goal and effects. This booklet explores the explanations for that clash—and the result of it.The relationships among the U.S. army, its supporters, and its rivals through the Vietnam battle have been either severe and complicated. Schwab exhibits how the power of the army to prosecute the conflict used to be advanced by way of those relationships, and by means of various nonmilitary issues that grew from them. leader between those used to be the military's courting to a civilian country that interpreted strategic price, hazards, morality, political expenditures, and army and political effects in line with a distinct calculus. moment used to be a media that introduced the war—and these protesting it—into dwelling rooms around the land.As Schwab demonstrates, Vietnam introduced jointly management teams, each one with very diverse operational and strategic views at the Indochina zone. Senior army officials preferred conceptualizing the battle as a standard army clash that required traditional potential to victory. Political leaders and critics of the struggle understood it as an basically political clash, with linked political dangers and prices. because the battle improved, Schwab argues, the divergence in views, ideologies, and political pursuits created a wide, and finally unbridgeable divide among army and civilian leaders. after all, this conflict of cultures outlined the Vietnam conflict and its legacy for the defense force and for American society as a complete.

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Additional info for A Clash of Cultures: Civil-Military Relations during the Vietnam War (In War and in Peace: U.S. Civil-Military Relations)

Sample text

Victor Krulak reported that the Strategic Hamlet program and overall counterinsurgency efforts were a success. S. and the South Vietnamese, by his estimation, were winning the war. Mendenhall said precisely the opposite. He viewed the situation in the South as deteriorating rapidly and the Strategic Hamlet program as a definite failure. Kennedy wondered if the two men had visited the same country. S. military quickly determined that the Diem regime had completely misrepresented the success of the hamlet program.

Marine strategy also required many hundreds of thousands of troops, and a commitment of many years to achieve its objective of pacification. qxd 7/6/06 11:27 AM Page 34 34 A CLASH OF CULTURES the Marine Corps strategy were significant, if not as great as those of the Army’s way of war. THE AIR FORCE VIEW Air Force doctrine in Vietnam reflected the lesson of airpower’s military history. The first sustained use of airpower was during the Second World War. Thousands of land- and sea-based bombers were deployed against primarily military and industrial targets against Axis countries.

Operationally, MACV reported directly to CINCPAC, the chief of Naval operations in the Pacific. S. Navy as an institution supported the doctrines proposed by the Army, Air Force and Marines. Admiral Sharp, CINCPAC commander in 1965, supported the strategic view of the JCS and the operational views of MACV. The Navy was responsible for maintaining containment in the entire Indian Ocean and Pacific region; this encompassed 51 million square miles of ocean and approximately one quarter of the earth’s surface.

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A Clash of Cultures: Civil-Military Relations during the Vietnam War (In War and in Peace: U.S. Civil-Military Relations) by Orrin Schwab

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