New PDF release: A Short History of Lebanon

By Philip K. Hitti (auth.)

ISBN-10: 1349005665

ISBN-13: 9781349005666

ISBN-10: 1349005681

ISBN-13: 9781349005680

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Example text

Exchange in commodities went hand in hand with exchange in ideas. Precious stones from central Asia, spices from India, frankincense from Arabia and slaves from all these and other lands found their way into the West, passing partly through Lebanese ports. In Lebanon itself the lumber industry flourished as in Pharaonic days. Grape wine and olive oil industry became more lively. Glasswork maintained its primacy. Blown glass was invented probably there toward the end of the Seleucid or the beginning of the Roman period.

By this time the 47 A Short History of Lebanon dominant role in international trade had been usurped by Greeks and Carthaginians on the sea and by Aramaeans on land. The last breath of Phoenician national life came near being gasped. The Phoenician world - active, animated and learned - practically came to an end. The empire founded by Cyrus (550-530) was stretched by his successors from the Hindu Kush and beyond the Indus to the Aegean, and from the Caucasus to the Indian Ocean, the greatest thus far.

Likewise early Greeks appropriated Phoenician airs and instruments together with their names. Obviously no Semitic people cultivated the musical art to a higher degree than the Canaanites, whose temple ritual called for elaborate performances. In industry the Phoenician name was closely associated throughout antiquity with glass, textiles and above all purple. Pliny credits Phoenicians with the discovery of glass, 29 A Short History ofLebanon as certain of their merchants were cooking their meal near Acre and used nitre from their ships.

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A Short History of Lebanon by Philip K. Hitti (auth.)


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