Get Advances in Artificial Intelligence: Natural Language and PDF

By Ze’ev Ben-Porat, Martin Charles Golumbic (auth.), Martin Charles Golumbic (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1461390524

ISBN-13: 9781461390527

ISBN-10: 1461390540

ISBN-13: 9781461390541

Research in synthetic intelligence, average language processing and knowledge-based platforms has blossomed in the past decade. At nationwide and overseas symposia in addition to in study facilities and universities around the globe, those matters were the focal point of extreme debate and learn. this can be both real in Israel which has hosted a number of overseas boards on those themes. The articles during this ebook signify a variety of contributions offered at fresh AI meetings held in Israel. A theoretical version for a method that learns from its personal adventure in enjoying board video games is gifted in studying from event in Board video games via Ze'ev Ben-Porat and Martin Golumbic. The version permits any such method to augment and enhance its taking part in services by using a studying mechanism which extracts wisdom from real taking part in event. the educational method calls for no exterior counsel or tips. This version used to be applied and proven on a variation of "Chinese Checkers. " The paper indicates the feasibility and validity of the proposed version and investigates the parameters that have an effect on its functionality features. The experimental effects supply facts of the validity of the version as a strong studying mechanism. unique and basic algorithms for wisdom extraction and trend matching have been designed and verified as a part of the prototype desktop procedure. research of the functionality features of those algorithms exhibits that they could deal with huge wisdom bases in a good manner.

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1 Linguistic jokes - ambiguities Linguistic jokes are jokes that make use of properties of language to amuse the listener (or reader). , more than one grammatical and meaningful reading of a sentence or discourse. Linguists recognize different sorts of ambiguities: * Lexical ambiguity occurs when a word stands for more than one lexical entry: "What did the big chimney say to the small chimney? " Here there are two competing senses of 'smoke' (intransitive: "give off smoke or steam", transitive: "draw into the mouth and puff out smoke of burning tobacco or the like").

C. and Abelson, R. P. Scripts, Plans, Goals and Understanding, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, New York, 1977. [8] Winograd, T. "On Primitives, Prototypes, and Other Semantic Anomalies", in Proceedings Second Workshop on Theoretical Issues in Natural Languages Processing, University of Illinois pp. 25-32. 1978. [9] Brachman, R. J. "Defaults and Definitions in Knowledge Representation", AI Magazine, vol. 6, pp. 80-93, 1985. [10] Sowa, J. F. Conceptual Structures, Addison-Wesley, Reading, Massachusetts 1984.

2. Parsing jokes: partial reverse preference algorithm We wish to maintain as much of Schubert's algorithm, allowing minimal modification of the final choice. Schubert's preferred reading is the reading with the lowest cost. We now suggest that the joke's unexpected reading requirement may be incorporated into this scheme, by what we shall term partial reverse preferences. A (completely) reverse preference algorithm prefers the most costly reading.

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Advances in Artificial Intelligence: Natural Language and Knowledge-based Systems by Ze’ev Ben-Porat, Martin Charles Golumbic (auth.), Martin Charles Golumbic (eds.)

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